The following itinerary describes a range of sites which we plan to visit. Many are accessible to the public, but others require special permission which may only be confirmed closer to the tour’s departure. The daily activities described in this itinerary may change or be rotated and/or modified in order to accommodate alterations in opening hours, flight schedules and confirmation of private visits. Participants will receive a final itinerary together with their tour documents prior to departure. 2 lunches and 2 dinners are included in the itinerary where L=lunch and D=evening meal.
Paris - 13 nights
Day 1: Saturday 12 October, Paris
- Welcome Meeting & Orientation Walk
- Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris (exterior)
- Welcome Drinks at champagne bar Dilettantes
Participants will be required to make their own way to their accommodation in Paris (check-in time is 3.00pm). After checking in, there will be a short welcome meeting.
This afternoon, we take an orientation walk on the Île de la Cité, medieval centre of Paris. We then stroll to Notre-Dame to view its exterior. Begun in 1163, this remarkable transitional Romanesque-Gothic structure, featuring some superb stained glass and stone carving, took nearly 200 years to complete. The Gothic style, evolved in Paris and the Île-de-France, expressed the intimate link between the Church and the monarchy. The Gothic fell out of favour during the Enlightenment and so Notre Dame began to suffer from neglect. Victor Hugo (1802-1885) made it the setting of Notre-Dame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, 1831) in a desperate attempt to save this wonderful building, by then in such a parlous physical state that some even advocated its demolition. It was consequently restored by architect and author, Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc.
In the late afternoon we walk back to the Saint-Germain quarter for a champagne tasting at the bar Dilettantes. (Overnight Paris)
Day 2: Sunday 13 October, Paris
- Shakespeare and Company bookstore (exterior)
- Musée National du Moyen-Âge (Hôtel de Cluny)
- Walking tour of Saint-Germain-des-Prés
- Welcome Dinner at Le Train Bleu, Gare de Lyon
Between the Middle Ages and the 18th century, Paris was the largest Christian city in Europe. It enjoyed a unique ‘Royal’ status because, unlike other European peripatetic monarchies, French kings concentrated their courts in the city; only under Louis XIV did the court reside permanently at Versailles. Since 1789, successive governments have also concentrated power in Paris, which consequently dictates France’s national identity (i.e. ‘Frenchness’); large cities like Marseilles, Lyon and Toulouse occupy a secondary status.
This morning we explore the artistic and architectural heritage of Royal Paris. On the Île de la Cité, medieval centre of Paris, we visit Louis IX’s (1214-1270) exquisite Sainte-Chapelle. Built in 1248 to house the precious relic of the Crown of Thorns, this chapel is conceived as a great, luminous stone and glass reliquary. Its stone structure is reduced to a light frame of thin piers and its walls are opened up into vast, rich sheets of stained glass through which coloured light floods this unearthly place. Its stained glass windows seem like the scintillating jewels adorning the small reliquaries that inspired it.
Next, we walk through the Latin Quarter to the Musée de Cluny, past Paris’ famous English-language bookshop, Shakespeare and Company. Founded in 1919 by American Sylvia Beach, the store became a popular gathering place for literary expats. Sylvia published James Joyce’s Ulysses in 1922 and she and her successor George Whitman (great grandson of Walt) nurtured such writers as Henry Miller, Ernest Hemingway, Anaïs Nin, Allen Ginsberg, Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Lawrence Durrell. Today the shop is run by George’s daughter Sylvia.
We continue our exploration of medieval Paris by visiting the Musée National du Moyen-Âge at the Hôtel de Cluny (1485-1498), Parisian palace of the powerful Abbots of Order of Cluny, and a fine specimen of late Gothic secular architecture. This museum holds a huge collection of medieval sculptures and tapestries and countless other objects: fine chests, stained glass windows, precious reliquaries and bejeweled ornaments. A highlight will be the extraordinarily rich Late Gothic Unicorn Tapestries, a lustrous expression of courtly power and grace.
After lunch, we take a walking tour of the Saint-Germain-des-Prés quarter, named after the Romanesque abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Paris’ oldest surviving church. It was originally part of a Benedictine abbey founded in 558 by Merovingian king Childebert I. Although it was partially rebuilt and much restored over the centuries, its nave and transept are from the 11th century.
Saint-Germain today captures the essence of Paris’ Left Bank: with charming streets lined with art galleries, bookshops and literary cafés, old squares, artists’ studios and the famous Paris Fine Arts school. It is cut through by the great boulevard Saint-Germain, the main east-west axis of the Left Bank and a perfect example of ‘Haussmanisation’. This term describes the great urban transformation by the préfet de la Seine, Baron Haussmann, for the Emperor Napoléon III, which altered Paris’s geography fundamentally in order to turn a city of crowded, insalubrious medieval neighbourhoods into a modern, open metropolis of wide avenues, majestic vistas and great parks.
One of the many ways in which Paris changed the way we all live today was by ‘inventing’ the restaurant when aristocrats fleeing the 1789 Revolution left behind their chefs, who found an alternative outlet for their craft. This evening we shall dine at Le Train Bleu, the famous restaurant at Gare de Lyon. This luxurious Belle Époque restaurant was constructed for the great World Fair at the turn of the 20th century. (Overnight Paris) D
Day 3: Monday 14 October, Paris
- Musée du Louvre
- Special Exhibition: Leonardo Da Vinci, Musée du Louvre
- Afternoon at leisure
Today we visit one of the world’s most famous museums, the Musée du Louvre, which houses the world’s greatest art collection. It began life as a fortress, but over the centuries kings and emperors added new buildings. One of the most controversial additions was the glass pyramid, designed by I.M. Pei, which opened in 1989. The Louvre’s art collections have been a vehicle through which governments established and reinforced Paris’ status as the world’s art centre in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Our visit will take in selected collection highlights as well as exploring the building itself. We visit the special Louvre exhibition mounted on the occasion of the 500th anniversary of Leonardo da Vinci’s death. Five of da Vinci’s 15 known paintings belong to the Louvre’s permanent collections: Mona Lisa, The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne, Saint John the Baptist, The Virgin of the Rocks and La Belle Ferronnière.
Once the formal tour is concluded, group members will have the opportunity to further explore the museum’s vast collections. The rest of the day and evening will be at leisure. (Overnight Paris)
Day 4: Tuesday 15 October, Paris
- Opéra District: Galeries Lafayette, Le Printemps
- Opéra Garnier (interior)
- Walking tour from the Grands Boulevards to the Palais Royal via covered arcades
- Musée des Arts Décoratifs
This morning we shall cross the Pont-Neuf (‘New-Bridge’), ironically Paris’ oldest bridge. Completed in 1607, it was the city’s first stone bridge with sidewalks instead of houses on it. On the Île de la Cité, we briefly visit the Place Dauphine, a triangular square whose hidden location inspired Surrealist writer André Breton in his novel Nadja.
We next walk along the Grands Boulevards that were cut through the medieval quarters of the North Bank by Baron Haussmann and through the Opéra district. Napoleon III commissioned Baron Haussmann, Prefect of the Seine, to open up the centre of the city with light, airy boulevards that above all ameliorated Paris’ terrible problems of congestion and the impossibility of fast, easy, safe movement through the centre due to its maze of narrow medieval alleys.
We first visit the Galeries Lafayette in Boulevard Haussmann. The architect Georges Chedanne and his pupil Ferdinand Chanut designed this famous department store; its superb glass and steel dome and Art Nouveau staircases were completed in 1912. We next visit the nearby, equally famous department store, Le Printemps founded in 1865 by Jules Jaluzot and Jean-Alfred Duclos. The original store (1865), rebuilt after a fire in 1881, became the first large store to use electric lighting (1888). The present early 20th-century store, which we visit, was designed by architect René Binet and is famously dominated by a huge glass domed hall. It was restored in 1973 by the grandson of its original designer, using plans that had been kept in the archives of the family business. We enjoy a morning tea in its Brasserie, on the 6th floor, under its Art Nouveau cupola.
Paris’ leadership as the world’s major entertainment centre rested in part on its fame for orchestral, opera and ballet performances, captured in Degas’ marvelous images of dancers, musicians and their audiences, which we will later view in a special exhibition at Musée d’Orsay. In 1858 the Emperor Napoleon III commissioned a new theatre to house Paris’ opera and ballet companies. Charles Garnier (1825-1898) won a subsequent design competition and construction commenced in 1861; the building opened in 1875. This morning we take a guided tour of this monumental theatre’s sumptuous interior.
Next, we continue our walk along the Haussmann’s Grands Boulevards and then wander through Paris’ small arcades (passages), glass roofed streets linking the main avenues. Arcades such as the Galeries Vivienne and Colbert fascinated artists and writers; Louis Aragon described his wanderings through them in Le Paysan de Paris.
We continue our walk to the Palais Royal, originally Richelieu’s Palais Cardinal, which passed to the Crown when he died. Surrounded by beautiful 17th century buildings, for four centuries this magnificent precinct has been a seat of power, focus of French leadership of the world’s intellectual life, and a place of recreation and pleasure; it is here that the world’s first purpose built restaurant opened. It is also the home to the Comédie Française. Its garden is now enlivened by contemporary sculptures by Buren and Bury and features flowerbeds designed by American landscaper Mark Rudkin.
After the lunch, we visit the Musée des Arts Décoratifs which provides an unique insight into the decorative arts from medieval times to the present day. The remain of the afternoon is at leisure; you may wish to explore the numerous designer fashion shops, art galleries and antique shops around the Palais Royal. (Overnight Paris)
Day 5: Wednesday 16 October, Paris – Giverny – Paris
- Monet’s Garden at Giverny
- Musée Marmottan
Our morning programme begins with a visit to Giverny, outside Paris, where Monet created a spectacular garden, conceived as a place of inexhaustible, ever-changing subject matter. A work of art in its own right, the spatial ambiguities, optical subtleties and accents of saturated colour of this wonderful space provided the subject matter for much of his late work. We shall also visit the adjoining living area, containing Monet’s personal art collection, and studio, where he worked on the Waterlilies until his death in 1926.
After lunchtime at leisure, we return to Paris to visit the Musée Marmottan, a fine art collection that occupies a mansion on the edge of the Bois de Boulogne originally owned by the collector Paul Marmottan. He presented his house along with his Renaissance, Consular and Empire collections of paintings and furniture to the Institut de France. In 1971, Michel Monet presented 65 paintings by his father, Claude Monet, to the museum. Part of Monet’s personal art collection has also been added, making the collection the largest corpus of the artist’s work in the world. The Musée Marmottan also has works by Berthe Morissot, Edgar Degas, Édouard Manet, Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro, Paul Gauguin, Paul Signac and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. (Overnight Paris)
Day 6: Thursday 17 October, Paris
- Musée d’Art Moderne – Centre Pompidou
- Musée Picasso
- Place des Vosges
This morning we are particularly privileged to make a private visit to Europe’s most famous Modern Art museum, the Centre Pompidou, a magnificent collection of 20th century art which takes up where the Gare Orsay’s 19th-century collection ends, with masterpieces from the School of Paris to the New York School. The marvellous view from the Pompidou’s rooftop looks across Paris’ rooftops to the Eiffel Tower.
There will be time at leisure for lunch and you may wish to further explore the Beaubourg district and the Halles area, which once housed the famous iron food markets of Paris. The initiation of a huge shopping area on the old market site, and the erection of Richard Rogers’ and Renzo Piano’s revolutionary Centre Pompidou (1972-7), was attended by huge controversy. Today the quartier is again undergoing a complete renovation. One of the main features was completed in 2016: a two hectare-glass canopy covering the entrance to the mall and train station where the Pavillon Baltard stood until the 1960s. Paris, along with St Petersburg, Berlin and New York, has a powerful history of the construction of grand, highly innovative, often challenging architectural statements. Often initially controversial, such great monuments, like the Arc de Triomphe and the Eiffel Tower, eventually take their place in the celebration of the unique orchestration of period styles that is the city. Rogers’ and Piano’s building, an attack on the Beaux-Arts tradition, and totally at odds with the style and scale of the traditional architecture of its precinct, is now accepted by even its most hostile critics.
In the afternoon, we continue our exploration of Parisian modernism with a visit of the Picasso museum. This renowned collection was created thanks to a remarkable donation from Picasso’s heirs. More than 5000 artworks are housed in the beautiful 18th-century Hotel Salé.
A short walk away is the 16th-17th century Place des Vosges, a magnificent Renaissance square considered by many to be one of the most beautiful in the world. Its architectural harmony is matchless. Surrounded by lovely Renaissance brick buildings with stone dressings and quoins, and steep mansard roofs, this square was originally designed as a royal and aristocratic refuge from the densely packed, noisy city. (Overnight Paris)
Day 7: Friday 18 October, Paris
- Musée d’Orsay
- Special exhibition Degas at the Opera, Musée d’Orsay
- Dinner & concert at the Philharmonie de Paris
This morning we explore the Musée d’Orsay, housed in a former railway station converted to a great museum by ACT Architecture (Renaud Bardon, Pierre Colboc and Jean-Paul Philippon) and the Italian architect, Gae Aulenti. It holds the world’s greatest collection of French Realists, Impressionists and Post Impressionists (1848-1914). Masterpieces include Manet’s Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (1862-3) and Olympia (1863), and Renoir’s Le Moulin de la Galette (1876). Such paintings document two poles of Parisian life, those of Bourgeois recreation, and the alienation of the individual in a burgeoning, crowded, ever changing, modernist city. Not only was Paris the city of spectacle, but it was also the city where modernism as ‘state of mind’ was invented.
We also view a selection of its unique photographic collections that includes forty-five thousand photographs, such as portrait of Man Ray by Stieglitz, portraits of Victor Hugo by his sons Charles, François-Victor or his loyal friend Auguste Vacquerie, daguerreotypes by Aldolphe Humbert de Molard and prints by Roger Fenton.
Our visit coincides with the special exhibition devoted to Degas at the Opera, exploring Degas’ passionate relationship with the Opera House and his musical tastes, but also its infinite resources.
This evening, we attend a performance at the recently inaugurated Philharmonie de Paris, designed by Jean Nouvel. A pre-concert dinner will be served at the restaurant Le Balcon, located on the sixth floor of the Philharmonie and offering a panoramic view of Paris and the parc de la Villette. We shall then attend a performance in the Grande Salle which, despite its great size (it can host up to 2400 people), was designed by Jean Nouvel to create a special intimate atmosphere. The originality of the concert hall also rests on its versatility; its stage can be adjusted to offer the best listening conditions for diverse genres of music. (Program to be confirmed) (Overnight Paris) D
Day 8: Saturday 19 October, Paris
- Morning at leisure
- Musée de l’Orangerie
- Jeu de Paume (Exhibition to be confirmed in 2019)
- Place de la Concorde and Tuileries Garden
This afternoon, we visit the Musée de l’Orangerie, a small yet spectacular gallery displaying Monet’s sensational series Les Nympheas. It also includes paintings by Renoir, Cézanne, Gauguin, Picasso and Matisse. The Musée de l’Orangerie faces the superb place de la Concorde, is one of Europe’s most powerful expressions of urban planning.
Located in the north corner to the Place de la Concorde is the Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, an arts centre for modern and postmodern photography and media. The rectangular building was constructed in 1861 during the reign of Napoleon III. It originally housed real tennis courts; the name of this game in French is jeu de paume. We shall visit the Jeu de Paume if it is hosting a major exhibition.
We walk back to our hotel through the nearby Jardin des Tuileries, an extraordinary open space surrounded by a magnificent architectural panorama. (Overnight Paris)
Day 9: Sunday 20 October, Paris
- Hotel de la Païva
- Musée Jacquemart-André
This morning we first visit the Hôtel de la Païva (‘Mansion of La Païva’) built between 1856 and 1866 at 25 Avenue des Champs-Élysées by the courtesan Esther Lachmann, better known as La Païva. She was born in modest circumstances in the Moscow ghetto to Polish parents. By successive marriages, she became a supposed Portuguese marchioness and then a Prussian countess by her marriage to Count Guido Henckel von Donnersmarck, who supplied the funds for the hôtel at which she gave fabulous feasts. It was frequented by well-known writers such as Gustave Flaubert, Émile Zola and the painter Eugène Delacroix. The Italian Renaissance style mansion is especially famous for its beautiful utterly unique yellow onyx staircase, its Moorish-style bathroom, and its sculptures, paintings, and a ceiling by Paul Baudry. Since 1903 it has been home to the Travelers Club.
Next, we visit the Musée Jacquemart-André, housed in the 19th-century mansion built by Nélie Jacquemart, a painter, and Edouard André, a wealthy collector and art lover. They gathered the most magnificent private collection of works of art in Paris, including paintings by Botticelli, Fragonard, Hals, Rembrandt and Jacques-Louis David. (Overnight Paris)
Day 10: Monday 21 October, Paris
- Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, Maincy
- Fondation Louis Vuitton
This morning we travel out of Paris by private coach to the famous château of Vaux-le-Vicomte. Nicolas Fouquet, Louis XIV’s Superintendant of Finances built this great house in 1641. Fouquet’s grand Baroque château, with its splendid formal gardens created by André Le Nôtre, raised the jealousy of the king and Fouquet fell from grace. Louis XIV subsequently commissioned Le Nôtre to create an even greater vision at Versailles. Our visit will illustrate how the surrounding landscape was modified to achieve the perspectives of the magnificent formal garden. We shall also tour the sumptuously furnished apartments, decorated with beautiful furniture, paintings and tapestries.
Following lunch at leisure, we return to Paris where we spend the afternoon visiting the revolutionary Fondation Louis Vuitton for Creation designed by Frank Gehry (Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Vitra Design Museum, New York 8 Spruce Street). His contemporary art museum and cultural centre. Gehry has stated that the building was inspired by the glass dome of the Grand Palais. Using revolutionary, highly innovative structural techniques, the museum echoes the sails of a ship inflated by the wind. (Overnight Paris)
Day 11: Tuesday 22 October, Paris – Poissy – Saint-Germain-en-Laye – Port Marly – Paris
- Villa Savoye, Poissy
- Lunch at the restaurant Pavillon Henri IV, St-Germain-en-Laye
- Château de Monte Cristo, Port-Marly
Paris is especially noted for the architectural experiments of the founder of modern architecture, Le Corbusier. This morning we drive out to what is arguably his best and most famous private residence, the Villa Savoye. The clean, minimal lines of this wonderful celebration of modernism is built on pylons under which a car, symbol of modernity, could turn; the dimensions of its plan were dictated by the turning circle of a Renault. It combines concrete construction, a roof garden, an open plan interior and long, horizontal windows that are made possible by its construction on interior piers.
We next drive to Paris’ elegant suburb, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, to enjoy lunch with a panoramic view over the city at the regal Pavillon Henri IV. The Sun King Louis XIV was born in one of the salons of the Pavillon and it has long been a favourite meeting place for aristocrats, artists and writers, as well as important financial and political figures. Famous guests of the Pavillon Henri IV, which was converted into a hotel-restaurant in the mid-19th century, include Georges Sand, Victor Hugo, Emile Zola and Alphonse Daudet. Here, Dumas wrote The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo, and Offenbach composed some of the music to his famous operettas.
Our day ends with a visit to Alexandre Dumas’ house, the Château de Monte-Cristo, named after his best-selling book. It was his ‘paradise on earth’ and he spent a fortune on it. Too big a fortune, for only two years later he was forced to sell it to pay his debts. Here he wrote Adventures with my Pets which includes tales about his pet vulture; here he began his monumental Grand Dictionary of Cuisine; here he also entertained Hugo, George Sand and his many mistresses. (Overnight Paris) L
Day 12: Wednesday 23 October, Paris
- Musée Rodin
- Visit to the Petit Palais, City of Paris’ Museum of Fine Arts and the Grand Palais (subject to exhibition)
This morning we shall visit the Musée Rodin. It is housed in the elegant 18th-century Hôtel Biron, Rodin’s residence from 1908 to his death in 1917. The Rodin collection in the sculpture garden and within the mansion itself is the most comprehensive Rodin corpus in the world.
We cross the Seine to visit the Grand Palais and Petit Palais, constructed for the Universal Exposition of 1900. The former often hosts internationally important art exhibitions whilst its smaller counterpart now houses the City of Paris Museum of Fine Arts (Musée des beaux-arts de la ville de Paris). We shall visit the Grand Palais if it is hosting a major exhibition. If not, there will be time at leisure in which you may like to visit the Petit Palais permanent collection.
Day 13: Thursday 24 October, Paris
- Musée du quai Branly
- Farewell Lunch at restaurant Les Ombres
- Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (MaM), Palais de Tokyo
This morning we visit the Musée du quai Branly, designed by arguably France’s most famous contemporary architect, Jean Nouvel. We shall view the Living Wall by Patrick Blanc, an extraordinary vertical garden rich in verdant textures. We shall enjoy an exclusive visit before the museum opens its doors to the public. Inaugurated in 2006, it is dedicated to Indigenous art from Asia, Africa, Oceania and the Americas, housing 370,000 objects, including Australian Indigenous paintings specially commissioned by Jean Nouvel as permanent installations. The spectacular rooftop features a painting from contemporary Aboriginal artist Lena Nyadbi that can be seen from the Eiffel Tower.
We shall enjoy our farewell lunch at the restaurant Les Ombres, situated on the Musée du quai Branly’s terrace. The restaurant’s decor, furniture and crockery are signed Jean Nouvel. A magical place, this restaurant offers an unforgettable view of the Seine and the Eiffel Tower.
In the afternoon we cross the river Seine and walk to the Palais de Tokyo which houses the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (MaM). With about 13,000 works, The City of Paris Museum of modern art museum collections represent the wealth of the artistic creation in XXth and XXIth centuries and testifies of the dynamism of the contemporary artistic scene. (Overnight Paris) L
Day 14: Friday 25 October, Paris
The tour ends today in Paris. Those returning to Australia will need to make their own way to Paris CDG airport (contact ASA for information on private transfers). Participants wishing to extend their stay in Paris are advised to contact ASA for information about extending their stay at the Apart’hotel Citadines Saint-Germain-des-Prés.