The detailed itinerary provides an outline of the proposed daily program. Participants should note that the daily activities described in this itinerary may be rotated and/or modified in order to accommodate changes in museum opening hours, flight schedules & road conditions. Meals will be taken in hotels and in restaurants, many with a historical or local flavour. At times picnic lunches may be provided. Meals included in the tour price and are indicated in the itinerary where: B=breakfast, L=lunch and D=evening meal.
Istanbul - 8 nights
DEPARTURE EX AUSTRALIA:
Sunday 25 November 2018, Depart Melbourne on SQ228 at 1640hrs (4.40pm)
Participants are requested to commence check-in procedures at the international terminal, Tullamarine airport, two and half hours prior to departure of the allocated flight. (In Flight)
Day 1: Monday 26 November 2018, Arrive İstanbul
- Arrival Transfer to the Hotel Erboy
- Orientation Walk
- Blue Mosque
- Welcome Evening Meal
On arrival in Istanbul we transfer to Otel Erboy in Sirkeci. The hotel is situated in the old part of the city and within walking distance of many of the historic sites we visit.
After settling in, we will meet in the hotel lobby at 11am. Adjacent to our Hotel is the tram stop at Gülhane Parkı, the road that follows the 1,000-year route (Alemdar Caddesi ‘Street of the Standard Bearers’ and Divan Yolu ‘Highway of Government’) of the Byzantine and Ottoman imperial armies. We lodge close by to the garden walls of the Topkapı Sarayı Palace and their Imperial Kiosk for Processions (Alay Köskü)); and to The Sublime Porte (Bab’i Ali), gateway to the centre of Ottoman government in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries.
We will take an orientation walk to the Divan Yolu past the Mosque of Besir Aga (1745), the Black Eunuch (Darüsaade or Kızlar Agası) serving Mahmud I (reigning 1730-54) and visit the Blue Mosque (1616) of Sultan Ahmet I (1603-17), and then take the tram to Taksim and walk or ride back down to the Galata bridge.
In the late afternoon we make our way to Eminönü on the Golden Horn where we will dine near the Galata Bridge and Eminönü or Beyoglu shores. (Overnight Istanbul) BD
Day 2: Tuesday 27 November 2018, İstanbul
- Morning Lecture: The Classical City (Polis)
- Museum of the Ancient Orient
- Archaeological Museum
- Çinili Köskü
Today we visit museums close by our hotel. With two millennia of history in mind, we ground our study of Ottoman history by exploring some of Istanbul’s rich collection of artefacts from the ancient Near East and ancient Greece and Rome at the Archaeological Museum. This museum, founded by Osman Hamdi Bey in the 1890s and located in the former grounds of the Topkapı Sarayı Palace, is considered one of the world’s great archaeological museums.
We also visit two other museums located in the same complex: the Museum of the Ancient Orient, and the Tiled Kiosk (Çinili Köskü) built in 1459 in the Selçuk style by Fatih II Mehmed. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 3: Wednesday 28 November 2018, İstanbul
- Morning Lecture: The Divan Yolu
- Stoa Basilica Cistern (Yerebatan Sarnıçı)
- Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya)
- Hippodrome (At Meydanı)
- Mosaic Museum and ruins of the Byzantine Palace of the Bucoleon
We widen our historical frames of reference by undertaking a Byzantine orientation walk first visiting the Yerebatan Sarnıçı (Stoa Basilica Cistern, C6th CE), then crossing the road to visit the greatest church in Christendom – Justinian’s Hagia Sophia (532-537), thence to the Hippodrome (C4th CE) and the Byzantine ruins of the Mosaic Museum / Palace of Bucoleon (C4th to C13th CE). There may be some free time to explore the adjacent Arasta Bazaar, and/or the winding streets of Cankurtaran as we head down to the Sea Walls. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 4: Thursday 29 November 2018, İstanbul
- Topkapı Sarayı
- Topkapı Sarayı Harem
Today we visit the Topkapı Sarayı Palace, the seat of Ottoman power for 500 years. Passing through the first gate, the original so-called ‘Sublime Porte (Bab-i Ali)’ we will tour the four courts of Topkapı Sarayı, and the harem, to experience the restrained splendour of the sultans. We examine the unique layout and architecture of this Turkish palace complex. We aim to re-construct how Ottoman institutions, customs, protocols and social structures reflected an Ottoman concept of sovereignty. (Overnight Istanbul) BL
Day 5: Friday 30 November 2018, İstanbul
- Morning Lecture: The Classical Age: Power & Patronage during the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent (1520-66)
- Grand Bazaar (Kapalı Çarsısı)
During the forty-year reign of Süleyman the Magnificent (known as Lawgiver – Kanuni – by Turks), the Empire underwent its greatest expansion. Using the wealth from his conquests, Süleyman endowed Istanbul with some of its finest Ottoman monuments. We visit the Süleymaniye Mosque complex (1557) built by the famous Ottoman architect, Sinan; we bear in mind the Hagia Sophia (537) that inspired it. Our tour includes the Süleymaniye arasta (bazaar), the darülhadis (school for clerics), the hamam (bath) and türbes (tombs) of Sinan and of Sultan II Süleyman Kanuni (1520-66) and his beloved wife Haseki Hürrem (Roxelana).
We lunch in style at the former soup kitchen (imaret): the Darüzziyafe Lokantası in the Süleymaniye complex. During the afternoon, there is free time to explore the Grand Bazaar (Kapalı Çarsısı). (Overnight Istanbul) BL
Day 6: Saturday 1 December 2018, İstanbul
- Morning Lecture: The Ottoman Conquest of Constantinople in 1453
- “Conquest of the City” bus tour including:
- Castle of the Seven Towers & Blachernae & Tekfur Palaces
- Kariye Cami
- Greek Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarchate, Fener or the Church at Blachernae
We consider the political and military strategies used by Fatih Sultan II Mehmet in conquering Istanbul. We will use our bus to follow the sea walls and visit the famous Castle of the Seven Towers (Yediküle Kalesi, late 1450s), the main Ottoman fort and prison. We then recreate the siege of the city by visiting (by coach, thence by foot) the ruins of Blachernae Palace complex and the remnant of the Tekfur Palace, close by the Theodosian walls (C5th CE) breached by the Ottomans on the 29 May 1453. Near the Edirne Gate, where Mehmet the Conqueror made his triumphal entrance, we travel to Kariye Cami, a former Byzantine church (Chora) to view the best Christian frescoes and mosaics in the city.
From there we head for the suburb of Eyüp near the Pierre Loti restaurant, named after the 19th-century French writer who used this spot to pen his novels. We then visit the mausoleum of Eyüp, built by Fatih Sultan II Mehmet in 1458. Eyüp is the fourth most sacred place of pilgrimage in Sunni Islam after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem’s Dome of the Rock. On their accession, Ottoman sultans visited Eyüp to be ceremonially girded with the sword of Osman, founder of the Ottoman dynasty.
We return by bus, stopping at the Greek Ecumenical Orthodox Patriarchate at Fener. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 7: Sunday 2 December 2018, İstanbul
- Free Day at Leisure
- Optional day excursion to the Princes’ Islands, Sea of Mamara
A free day for resting; or for an excursion by ferry to the Princes’ Islands in the Sea of Marmara. The four inhabited islands are a time-capsule of a bygone era. On the heights of Büyükada, there is an important Orthodox Monastery. The wooded islands, used as summer retreats by Istanbul-ians, are home to some of the best examples of nineteenth-century Ottoman wooden houses. The main mode of transport is by horse-drawn carriages as there are no cars on the islands other than emergency vehicles. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 8: Monday 3 December 2018, İstanbul
- Morning Lecture: Ottoman Harem
- Rüstem Pasa Cami
- Egyptian or Spice Bazaar (Misir Çarsı)
- Galata Tower
- Galata Monastery (time permitting & if open)
We walk a lot today. An Ottoman shopping day is planned. First, a stroll down to the Egyptian or Spice Bazaar (Misir Çarsı), where we explore the sights and smells of tantalizing foodstuffs. This morning we will also explore the hidden gem of the Rüstem Pasa Cami (1561), with its magnificent Iznik tiles, the work of a great vizier of the era of Süleyman the Magnificent.
After lunch – some might choose Pandeli’s famous old restaurant in the roof of the spice bazaar – we head across the Golden Horn and walk the steps up to the Galata Tower (built by the Genoese in 1348). If it is open, and if we still have enough energy, we may go on to the Galata Monastery (tekke) of the Mevlevi Order of Dervishes, founded in 1491, suppressed (as a living religious order) in 1924. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Edirne - 3 nights
Day 9: Tuesday 4 December 2018, İstanbul – Edirne
- Orientation walk of Edirne
- Dinner & dancing at Villa Lokantası on the Tunca River
After a leisurely checkout of our hotel at 11 am, we travel by private coach to Edirne, the second capital of the Ottoman Empire (1368-1453) c.200 km northwest of Istanbul.
In the late afternoon we will lose ourselves shopping in old and new Edirne, especially the streets in and around the Semiz Ali Pasa Arasta Bazaar (1568-69), just to the west of the old city.
Tonight we dine at the Villa Lokantası, a restaurant on the Tunca River. Wear your dancing shoes. (Overnight Edirne) BD
Day 10: Wednesday 5 December 2018, Edirne
- Morning Lecture: Early Ottomans and the Balkans
- Eski Cami & Bedesten of Sultans Süleyman and Mehmet I Çelebi
- Üç Serefeli, Cami of Sultan Murad II
- Sinan’s Selimiye Cami of Sultan Selim II (the Sot)
- Museums near the Selimiye Türk-Islam Eserleri Müzesi in the Selimiye medrese and Arkeoloji ve Etnologi Müzesi
Today we visit three monuments of the architecture of faith: the Eski, Üç Serefeli and Selimiye Mosques. With a dome that surpasses in size that of Hagia Sophia, the Selimye Mosque built between 1570 and 1574 by Sinan is considered his greatest architectural achievement.
We first make a tour of Eski (Old) Mosque and Bedesten, inaugurated by Çelebi I Mehmet at the close of the Ottoman civil war in 1414; a multi-domed mosque with niches in the Bursa tradition. We then pass on to the Üç Serefeli (the name refers to 3 balconies on the SE minaret) Mosque, built between 1437-47; it is the first Ottoman mosque with a big central dome. Our walk shows the transition between the Bursa (more humble Emirate?) style and the classical (more arrogant Imperial?) style of the Selimiye.
We also have time to visit two small museums near the Selimiye: the Türk-Islam Eserleri Müzesi housed in the former medrese just to the right of the courtyard after the steps leaving the bazaar and the regional Arkeoloji ve Etnologi Müzesi over the road.
There are also many barbers and hairdressers and a fine Ottoman bathhouse (men’s and women’s separate) in this city: Saray Hamamı, behind the Selimiye. Adrian will call for volunteers, and then book for one or both. Men could consider having a shave and haircut, and women a hairdo. They are within walking distance to the restored Ottoman caravansaray where we are staying. Spruce and super-clean, we can then enjoy a cheap meal in this wonderful provincial city. (Overnight Edirne) B
Day 11: Thursday 6 December 2018, Edirne
- Morning Lecture: Coming Clean: An illustrated visit to the Turkish bath
- II Bayezit Küllesi
- Site of the old Ottoman Palace & Hunting Lodge
We explore some secular sites in Edirne. Our tour begins with a walk through Edirne and across a very old Ottoman bridge to the beautiful mosque complex (külliye) built by Sultan Beyazit II Veli (the Saint) between 1484 and 1488 to the design of Hayrettin Pasa. This unique complex includes the public soup kitchen (imaret) and medical complex that had facilities for the insane (timarhane) and a medical college (tıp medresi) attached to the hospital.
We then go on to explore the evocative ruins of the old Ottoman palace and hunting lodge (Iç Sarayı) on an island on the Tunca River. First developed by Murad II in the 1430s, this favoured home of many Sultans was sacked by Russian armies in 1829 and 1878. In the late afternoon there will be more free time in Edirne. (Overnight Edirne) B
Eceabat - 2 nights
Day 12: Friday 7 December 2018, Edirne – Gallipoli (Gelibolu) – Eceabat
- Muradiye Mosque, Edirne
- Quay & Castle, Gelibolu
- Evening Lecture: The Battle of Çanakkale / Gallipoli Campaign
In the morning, as we leave Edirne, we will stop by at the Muradiye Mosque on the heights of Edirne, overlooking the Thracian plain below. A former Byzantine church, this mosque was re-consecrated as an imperial mosque by Murad I ‘the Sovereign (Hüdavenigar)’ in 1362, then re-built in 1435 as a lodge (zaviye) for the Mevlevi Dervish order, then re-converted into a mosque.
We leave Edirne to travel by bus through the Thracian plain and then Dardanelles forests to the little Dardanelles seaport of Gallipoli. We will walk around the Gelibolu quay and castle (seized from the Byzantines by Catalans, 1303-10, then Ottoman from the time of Sultan Süleyman I Çelebi, 1354).
We then journey along the Dardanelles shore to Eceabat, an even smaller town on the shore; our departure point for the Gallipoli battlefields. We dine at the Liman Balık Lokantası, a fish restaurant tonight. (Overnight Eceabat) BD
Day 13: Saturday 8 December 2018, Gallipoli Peninsula
- Gallipoli Battlefields
Gallipoli was the site of two significant Ottoman victories. The first was in 1354 when the Ottomans captured Gallipoli from the Byzantines. It was their first foothold in Europe, and later the home of the Ottoman navy. Their second victory came five and a half centuries later defending the peninsula from the Anzacs and Allied forces in 1915.
Like many Australians before us, we make the pilgrimage to Gallipoli to tour the Anzac sites and Ottoman monuments to assess the significance of this campaign in forming a potent nationalistic symbol for both Turks and Australians. We will take a picnic lunch to the battlefields. Rug up! (Overnight Eceabat) BL
Bursa - 3 nights
Day 14: Sunday 9 December 2018, Eceabat – Çanakkale – Troy – Assos – Bursa
- Thermal bath, Çekirge, Bursa (optional)
We leave the Gallipoli Peninsula and catch the first ferry across the Dardanelles to Çanakkale on the Asian shore, glimpsing the mighty Ottoman castles of Seddülbahır and Kılıtbahır in Europe and Kale-i Sultaniye in Asia (1452). Before heading for our next destination of Bursa we detour to Troy to conjure up Homer’s Iliad.
After our bus journey to Çekirge, a suburb in Bursa, the intrepid among us may wish to visit the hot springs in the basement of the hotel. There are other options of taking a hot-spring bath in the Old Thermal Baths (or Eski Kaplıca, a Byzantine bath re-built by Hüdavenigar I Murad, 1380s, now in Kervansaray Termal Oteli; better facilities for women) or in the New Thermal Baths (Yeni Kaplica, C16th: better for men) in Bursa’s thermal district of Çekirge. (Overnight Bursa) BD
Day 15: Monday 10 December 2018, Bursa
- Morning Lecture: Ottoman Social Order
- Holy Mosque (Ulu Cami) of Yıldırım Sultan I Bayezit
- Green Mosque and Tomb (Yesil Cami & Türbe) of Sultan Mehmet I Çelebi
- Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art
- Emir and Koza Hans & adjacent markets
Set in a lush valley at the foot of a snow-capped mountain, Bursa was the first capital of the Ottoman Turks (1326-68) and home to important early Ottoman monuments. We visit the Holy Mosque (Ulu Cami 1395) of Yıldırım Sultan I Bayezit, the Selçuk-inspired Green (Yesil) Mosque and Green Mausoleum of Mehmet I Çelebi (1413-24) and the nearby Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art.
We lunch at the Iskender family restaurant where the Bursa Alexander the Great (Iskender) Kebab (grilled lamb with fresh pide, yoghurt and tomato purée) was invented. An indispensable part of every Islamic city is the marketplace; we head for the old Emir Han (C14th) and the renowned Silk Market (Koza Hanı, 1489) and the associated Bazaar, once engines of wealth for the Empire. (Overnight Bursa) BLD
Day 16: Tuesday 11 December 2018, Bursa – Cumalıkızık – Bursa
- Cumalıkızık Village
- Muradiye tomb complex
- Ottoman homes and museum in Çekirge
This morning we visit by bus the village of Cumalıkızık located 10 kilometres west of Bursa at the foot of Mt. Uludag. Its history goes back to the founding of the Ottoman Empire and many of its architectural structures have been preserved. While life for many in the village continues as it has done for generations, in recent years the village has acquired a new industry: it has been featured in many Turkish movies and historical television series. This exposure has renewed local Turkish interest and now many of its historical houses are under restoration.
This afternoon we return by bus to Bursa and pass the restored walls of the Byzantine castle (1326) and the restored tombs of the first Sultans, Osman and Orhan, and make our way to the Muradiye complex (1420s) and tomb of Sultan Murad II, stern father of Fatih Mehmed II the Conqueror. Many tombs at the Muradiye here are decorated with the finest C16th Iznik tiles, but the tomb of Murad II, stern father of Fatih II Mehmed the Conqueror, honours him by its modesty. Some of those later in line for the sultanate, who never made it, including crown princes (Sehzadeler) Cem (1499: rival of Veli II Beyazit) and Mustafa [1552: murdered son of Kanuni II Süleyman (the Magnificent)] are also buried in these tombs in the gardens of Bursa’s Muradiye.
Close by, we will then shift our focus from the monumental to the domestic and explore two 17th-century Ottoman home museums, including the Hüsnü Züber Evi. We then cross to Esat Uluumay’s private collection of Balkan and Turkish folk costumes and jewellery now housed in a 16th-century Koran school run by a Süleyman-era court poet, Sair Ahmet Pasa. (Overnight Bursa) BD
Sakarya - 2 nights
Day 17: Wednesday 12 December 2018, Bursa – İznik – Sakarya
- Morning at leisure in Bursa
- Iznik Museum
We have a free morning in Bursa, before departing at noon for Iznik and Bilecik. Iznik, formerly known as Nicaea, was an important Roman and Byzantine city. We will pass by its beautiful lake and walls. Iznik is famous for the Nicene Creed of 325, a product of an Imperial Ecumenical Council (others took place here in 381 & 787) that attempted to codify Christian beliefs. Iznik is also famous for producing the Ottoman tiles adorning many of the buildings we have seen on our travels. Iznik’s 11th-century Byzantine Hagia Sophia Church became a mosque in 1331 soon after Iznik was conquered by Orhan Gazi. The regional museum is a gem located in Nilüfer Hatun Soup Kitchen built in 1388 by Hüdavenigar I Murad in memory of his mother and attached to a Green mosque (1378-81) built in the Selçuk style with Selçuk tiles by Çandarlı Halil Hayrettin Pasa, one of a family dynasty (till 1453) of Ottoman grand viziers. After a couple of centuries out of the ceramic-making business, this industry is re-emerging in Iznik to again produce fine ceramics. (Overnight Sakarya) B
Day 18: Thursday 13 December 2018, Sakarya
- Visit to the University in Sakarya for a seminar and tour
- Tour of Sakarya
Today we will meet history teachers and students from Sakarya University, and we will hear a lecture and discussion on the era of the First World War, the Armenian Question and the inauguration of the Republic. In the afternoon, we will take a one-hour bus excursion, with some Sakarya students, to Taraklı village, a lovely old Ottoman hill town.
This evening we dine with some Sakarya students (as our guests) in a local restaurant and some may then decide to sample a local live-music venue. (Overnight Sakarya) BD
Istanbul - 5 nights
Day 19: Friday 14 December 2018, Sakarya – İstanbul
- Florence Nightingale Museum at Selimiye Barracks
- Evening Lecture: Fatih Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror
We return to Istanbul by bus after breakfast. En route to our hotel we visit the Florence Nightingale Museum in the barracks (1800s -1820s) built for the New Model Army by Selim III. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 20: Saturday 15 December 2018, İstanbul
- Morning Lecture: Ottoman Tanzimat and the 19th-century emergence of Beyoglu
- Dolmabahçe Sarayı
- Rumeli Hisarı, (Rumeli Fortress), the “throat-cutter (bogazkesen)” castle
This morning we take a local bus along the shore to the Dolmabahçe Sarayı (completed in 1856), a European-style palace built on the site of a cabbage-patch on the shores of the Bosphorus. It was constructed by the Armenian architects Karabet and Nikogos Balyan for Sultan Abdülmecid (1839-61) who, preferring a more modern residence, decided to move out of the Topkapi Palace.
Nearby, we also visit the Rumeli Hisarı, built in 1452 by Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (1451-81) as part of his efforts to conquer the city of Constantinople. Located at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus on the European side, it is strategically placed for the control of ship traffic on the Bosphorus and directly faces the Anadolu Fortress on the Asian side of the Bosphorus.
In the late afternoon there are options to take local buses to spend time in the nearby student district of Besiktas, go shopping in the malls at Levent, or stroll the shore beside the old synagogue at Ortaköy. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 21: Sunday 16 December 2018, İstanbul
- Istanbul viewed from the Bosphorus ferry
- Sadberk Hanım Museum
- Evening Walk: Istiklal Caddesi, Taksim to Galatasaray
We take a 9.15 am tram and then a relaxing cruise from Kabatas Iskelesi, departing Kabatas at 10 am sharp. We will steam north and zig-zag all along the breathtaking Bosphorus, the waterway that splits the city of Istanbul: half in Europe, half in Asia. Along its shores we see a profusion of nineteenth century palaces, royal pavilions and stately yalılar (waterside houses) and mansions (konaklar), many built in lavish European-influenced Rococo and Baroque architectural styles: Dolmabahçe (Filled-in Garden) Sarayı at Besiktas (built by Karabet & Nikogos Balyan in 1853, conceived by Mahmud II, lived in by Abdülmecid), Çıragan (Grasshopper) Sarayı (built by Sarkis & Agop Balyan in 1874 for Abdülaziz, 1861-76), Ihlamur (Linden) and Yıldız (Star) Sarayları around Besiktas (built by II Abdülhamid, 1876-1909), Beylerbeyi (built by Sarkis Balyan in 1865, now close by the Asian foot of the first Bosphorus bridge) and the exquisite little palace of Küçüksü (built by Nikogos Balyan in 1857).
Our visit today also passes Ottoman-built forts: Anadolu Hisarı (built by Yıldırım I Bayezit in 1391-94) on the Asian shore, and Rumeli Hisarı on the European shore (built by Fatih II Mehmed the Conqueror in 1452). These forts helped secure the conquest of Constantinople.
Our ultimate destination is Sariyer, one of the last suburbs on the European shore of the Bosphorus before reaching the Black Sea. We are aiming to visit the old yalı of a wealthy Turkish family, now an ethnographic and historical museum named for Sadberk Hanım, a collector of classical antiquities and Turkish arts and crafts. Our focus turns to the metamorphosis of the Ottoman city in the nineteenth century. A reform charter known as the Tanzimat was issued in 1839 at nearby Gülhane Parkı at the beginning of Abdülmecid I’s rule. The Tanzimat stimulated a Westernizing transformation of the urban landscape of Istanbul.
In the afternoon we take the local bus back to Karaköy, whence we can take a modern underground cable car (fünicular, 2005) to visit the heart of modern Istanbul, Taksim, and the district of Pera or Beyoglu, home of the first Ottoman secular high school, Galatasary Lise (1868), the site of most Western embassies, and the centre of a new nineteenth- and twentieth-century culture of shopping and of cosmopolitan cafes, like the Çiçek Pasajı (1876), built mostly in the French and Italian style by Istanbul’s many Greeks, Armenians and Jews. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 22: Monday 17 December 2018, İstanbul
- Day at leisure in Istanbul
- Farewell Evening Meal at Yakub II Restaurant, Beyoglu
Free day in Istanbul till we all meet at Yakub II restaurant in Beyoglu, Galatasaray at 6 pm where we dine tonight. After dinner you can either catch a taxi back or take the old underground cable car (tünel, 1875) at Galatasaray and then walk home across the Galata Bridge (1845, 1912, 2002) back to the Erboy Hotel. (Overnight Istanbul) BD
Day 23: Tuesday 18 December 2018, İstanbul
- Examination at 0900hrs
- Explore the quayside area in Asia
It’s another free day in Istanbul – after you finish the examination you started at 9 am and finished at 11 am. By now, you’ll know exactly where you like to make one last visit. Some of us may decide to board a mid-morning ferry from Eminönü to Üsküdar to explore the quayside area in Asia and we may club together at the market to shop (at your expense) for a picnic lunch. Then we will take a public bus up to the top of the hills of Camlıca and find a suitable picnic spot in the park, or else we might scour the antique bazaar. No one will discuss Ottoman history. Hope that the weather is good. (Overnight Istanbul) B
Day 24: Wednesday 19 December 2018, Depart İstanbul – Course ends
- Airport transfer for participants departing on the ASA ‘designated’ group flight
This morning participants returning to Australia at the conclusion of the course will be transferred to Istanbul Airport for their return flight home with Singapore Airlines. B
Note: Participants returning to Australia at the conclusion of the course are scheduled to arrive in Melbourne on flight SQ207 at 6.15pm on Thursday 20 December 2018.